These are some interesting terms in reference to felting

BASONING:  
a treatment of heating and steaming

PLANKING:
  dipped into a solution to toughen and make stiffer,stronger

FULLING:
condensing is a natural result of the felting properties on wool.  Shrinkage takes place because the fibers are drawn together. As a result, the fabric has a "fuller" look,  more compact body.

TENTURING
is the process applied at various stages of felting. Usually, wet fiber is tentered.   The primary purpose is to dry and even out the fabric width.  A tenturing frame can be used.  A blast of hot air quickly removes any moisture.

CRABBING
A process called crabbing is used in finishing the wool   felt.  The process ensures that the fabric is stretched or loosened as nescessary and evens out the thickness of the fabric. Crabbing prevents the formation of creases or  uneven shrinkage.

DECATING:
is one of many possible finishing processes applied to wool fabric.  This process sets up the nap and develops a luster. Wet decating material is wound tightly on a perforated iron roller and immersed through trough of hot water that forces the water through the fabric. Dry decating steam is used instead of water.

GIGGING:
is a raising process.  The fabric is saturated with water, the fibers of moist wool raises and curls and then shrinks. When this is brushed out in one direction the fibers are smooth and lustrous, brushed the other direction the fibers can stand up and give a halo effect.

BUMPING:
term used for the process of final felting of a hood, further compressing and felting of hoods are done in a bumping machine

CARROTING:
Preliminary treatment of wool for fur with acids, which curls the fibers. It produces a reddish yellow color... thus it's name

POUNCING:
rubbing down the outside of felt hats with pumice stone, sand paper or emery paper to produce a very smooth surface

MULLING:
is a dampening of the felt with a fine mist or steam before blocking

This page was last updated on: January 7, 2008
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